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The Four Es of problem gambling : a psychological measure of risk

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journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by Matthew RockloffMatthew Rockloff, Victoria DyerVictoria Dyer
A focus group of Reno area Gamblers Anonymous members identified four psychological traits contributing to risk for problem gambling, including: Escape, Esteem, Excess and Excitement. A panel of four experts authored 240 Likert-type items to measure these traits. By design, none of the items explicitly referred to gambling activities. Study 1 narrowed the field of useful items by employing a quasi-experimental design which compared the answers of Reno area Gamblers Anonymous members (N = 39) to a control sample (N = 34). Study 2 submitted successful items, plus new items authored with the knowledge gained from Study 1, to validation in a random sample telephone survey across Queensland, Australia (N=2577). The final 40 item Four Es scale (4Es) was reliable (α=.90); predicted gambling problems as measured by the Canadian Problem Gambling Index of Severity (PGSI, Ferris & Wynne (2001). The Canadian Problem Gambling Index: Final Report: Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse); and distinguished problem gamblers from persons with alcohol abuse problems. The new scale can provide a basis for further study in harm minimization, treatment, and theory development.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

22

Issue

1

Start Page

101

End Page

120

Number of Pages

20

eISSN

1573-3602

ISSN

1050-5350

Location

New York, NY

Publisher

Springer

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Centre for Social Science Research;

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Journal of gambling studies.