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Contract Ability Level Mastery (CALM): A mastery program for remediating / extending basic English writing skills

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posted on 21.09.2022, 02:22 authored by Terry Skidmore

The purpose of this study was to implement a mastery program designed to improve and/or extend the basic writing skills of 125 Year Eight students. The basic writing skills were sentence writing and paragraph writing. Five theoretical underpinnings (mastery learning strategies, contract learning, higher order thinking skills, learning styles and control theory) were combined to produce and English program entitled Contract Ability Level Mastery (CALM). The CALM program ran for eight weeks and used action - research as the research methodology. A pre-test and a post-test were administered. The results of the post-test indicate significant improvements in the target students' sentence and paragraph writing skills. The study concludes that the CALM program did help the target students to remediate / improve basic sentence writing and paragraph writing skills.


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Central Queensland University

Place of Publication

Rockhampton, Queensland

Open Access


Era Eligible



Doug Wyer ; Peter Hallinan

Thesis Type

Master's by Coursework Thesis

Thesis Format

With publication