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Yin and yang, or peas in a pod? : Individual-sport versus team-sport athletes and altitude training

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journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by R Aughey, M Buchheit, L Garvican-Lewis, Gregory Roach, Charli Sargent, F Billaut, M Varley, P Bourdon, C Gore
The question of whether altitude training can enhance subsequent sea-level performance has been well investigated over many decades. However, research on this topic has focused on athletes from individual or endurance sports, with scant number of studies on team-sport athletes. Questions that need to be answered include whether this type of training may enhance team-sport athlete performance, when success in team-sport is often more based on technical and tactical ability rather than physical capacity per se. This review will contrast and compare athletes from two sports representative of endurance (cycling) and team-sports (soccer). Specifically, we draw on the respective competition schedules, physiological capacities, activity profiles and energetics of each sport to compare the similarities between athletes from these sports and discuss the relative merits of altitude training for these athletes. The application of conventional live-high, train-high; live-high, train-low; and intermittent hypoxic training for team-sport athletes in the context of the above will be presented. When the above points are considered, we will conclude that dependent on resources and training objectives, altitude training can be seen as an attractive proposition to enhance the physical performance of team-sport athletes without the need for an obvious increase in training load.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

47

Start Page

1150

End Page

1154

Number of Pages

5

ISSN

0306-3674

Location

United Kingdom

Publisher

BMA Group

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

External Author Affiliations

ASPIRE Academy for Sports Excellence; Appleton Institute for Behavioural Sciences; Australian Institute of Sport; Flinders University; Institut national du sport du Québec; TBA Research Institute; University of Canberra; Victoria University (Melbourne, Vic.); Western Bulldogs Football Club (Melbourne, Victoria);

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

British journal of sports medicine.

Exports

CQUniversity

Exports