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Working time society consensus statements: Individual differences in shift work tolerance and recommendations for research and practice

journal contribution
posted on 08.05.2020, 00:00 authored by J Ritonja, KJ Aronson, Raymond MatthewsRaymond Matthews, DB Boivin, T Kantermann
There is no standard definition of shift work universally, and no validated report of complete biological adjustment to shift work in workers. Similarly, the evidence for shift work tolerance is limited due to a small number of studies and a narrow range of outcome measures. This paper discusses evidence to date regarding individual differences in shift work tolerance and highlights areas for future research and recommendations for workplace practice. The few factors that are consistently associated with perceived or actual shift work tolerance are young age, low scores of morningness or being a late chronotype, low scores of languidity and neuroticism, high scores on extraversion, internal locus of control and flexibility and male sex. An important first step is to differentiate between factors that are potentially modifiable, such as those that are determined by lifestyle choices, and those factors specific to the working time arrangement. Identifying determinants of shift work tolerance and the ability to adjust to shift work, whether they are innate and/ or acquired mechanisms, is important so workers who are less likely to tolerate shift work well can be self-identified and supported with appropriate harm/risk minimization strategies. This paper also identifies important areas for future research with the goal of increasing the evidence base on which we can develop evidence-based harm mitigation strategies for shift workers. © 2019 National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health.

History

Volume

57

Issue

2

Start Page

201

End Page

212

Number of Pages

12

eISSN

1880-8026

ISSN

0019-8366

Publisher

National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health

Additional Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

Acceptance Date

18/12/2018

External Author Affiliations

McGill University, Queen’s University, Canada; University of Applied Sciences for Economics and Management (FOM), Germany

Author Research Institute

Appleton Institute

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Industrial Health