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What is my child telling me? Reducing stress, increasing competence and improving psychological well-being in parents of children with a developmental disability
journal contributionposted on 12.10.2021, 00:05 by John CallananJohn Callanan, Tania SignalTania Signal, Tina McAdieTina McAdie
High levels of stress in parents of children with a developmental disability have been extensively documented. These heightened stress levels seem independent of diagnosis and are better explained by the level of challenging behavior of the children. Furthermore, the relationship between stress level and difficult behavior appears reciprocal. The negative impact of stress on parents’ skill development, response to difficult behavior, sense of competence, well-being and the child's developmental outcomes have also been thoroughly detailed. The Parent Child Relationally Informed - Early Intervention (PCRI-EI) aims to expand the response repertoires of parents to help address the challenges of parenting a child with a developmental disability, including through reducing parental stress. The current study presents a quasi-experimental assessment of the efficacy of PCRI-EI in reducing stress levels and increasing sense of competency and psychological well-being in a sample of 22 parents of children with a variety of disabilities presenting to a community early childhood development service. Statistically and clinically significant changes in overall stress levels (Parenting Stress Index), psychological well-being (K6) and sense of competence (PSOC) were observed across time.
Number of Pages8
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JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
parental stressAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)Children with a developmental disabilityBehavior managementParental skills trainingParenting skills trainingHumansStress, PsychologicalChild BehaviorChild DevelopmentParentingParentsDevelopmental DisabilitiesChildChild, PreschoolRehabilitationPublic health and health servicesSpecialist studies in educationPsychology