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Wagon instability in long trains
journal contributionposted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by Colin Cole, Mitchell Mcclanachan, Maksym Spiryagin, Yan Sun
Lateral force components and impacts from couplers can adversely affect wagon stability. These issues are significant in longer and heavier trains increasing the risk of wagon rollover, wheel climb, wagon body pitch, bogie pitch and wagon lift-off. Modelling of coupler angles has been added to normal longitudinal train simulation to allow comprehensive study of lateral components of coupler forces.Lateral coupler forces are then combined with centripetal inertia calculations to determine quasi-static lateral forces, quasi-static vertical forces and quasi-static bogie lateral to vertical ratio, allowing the study of stringlining, buckling andwagon rollover risks. The approach taken allows for different rolling stock lengths, overhang and coupling lengths, and allows the study of angles occurring in transitions. Wagon body and bogie pitch are also studied with enhancements added to previous modelling to allow the study of wagon lift-off.