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Using multi-group confirmatory factor analysis to evaluate cross-cultural research: Identifying and understanding non-invariance

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by GTL Brown, Lois HarrisLois Harris, C O'Quin, KE Lane
Multi-group group confirmatory factor analysis (MGCFA) allows researchers to determine whether a research inventory elicits similar response patterns across samples. If statistical equivalence in responding is found, then scale score comparisons become possible and samples can be said to be from the same population. This paper illustrates the use of MGCFA by examining survey results relating to practicing teachers’ conceptions of feedback in two very different jurisdictions (Louisiana, USA, n=308; New Zealand, n=518), highlighting challenges which can occur when conducting this kind of cross-cultural research. As the two contexts had very different policies and practices around educational assessment, it was considered possible that a common research inventory may elicit non-equivalent responding, leading to non-invariance. Independent models for each group and a joint model for all participants were tested for invariance using MGCFA and all were inadmissible for one of the two groups. Inspection of joint model differences in item loadings, scale reliabilities, scale inter-correlations established the extent of non-invariance. This paper discusses the implications of non-invariance within this particular study and identifies difficulties in usingan inventory in cross-cultural settings. It also provides suggestions about how to increase thelikelihood that a common factor structure can be recovered.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

40

Issue

1

Start Page

66

End Page

90

Number of Pages

25

eISSN

1743-7288

ISSN

1743-727X

Location

United Kingdom

Publisher

Taylor & Francis (Routledge)

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

03/06/2015

External Author Affiliations

O'Quin Consulting, LLC (Firm); School of Education and the Arts (2013- ); Southeastern Louisiana University; TBA Research Institute; University of Auckland;

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

International Journal of Research and Method in Education