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Urbanization-globalization-CO2 emissions nexus revisited Empirical evidence from South Africa CQU.pdf (448.97 kB)

Urbanization-globalization-CO2 emissions nexus revisited: Empirical evidence from South Africa

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Version 2 2022-08-18, 00:38
Version 1 2021-01-17, 13:01
journal contribution
posted on 2022-08-18, 00:38 authored by M Salahuddin, J Gow, MI Ali, Md Rahat HossainMd Rahat Hossain, KS Al-Azami, Delwar AkbarDelwar Akbar, A Gedikli
© 2019 The environmental effects of urbanization and globalization are still subject to debate among scholars. South Africa is the most globalized, most urbanized and the most carbon-intensive economy in Sub Saharan Africa (SSA) region. Taking this into cognizance, this study examines the effects of urbanization and globalization on CO2 emissions for South Africa using time series annual data for the period 1980–2017. Zivot and Andrews single and Bai and Perron multiple structural break unit root tests are employed to assess if all the series are stationary. This procedure follows ARDL cointegration test to check the presence of a long-run association among variables. Having been confirmed about such a cointegrating relation, ARDL short-run and long run coefficients indicate that urbanization induces CO2 emissions while only long-run significant emissions effect of globalization was noted. Toda-Yamamoto non-causality test reports a bi-directional causal link between urbanization and CO2 emissions. No causal link is observed between globalization and CO2 emissions. Variance decomposition results do not rule out these effects in future. Policy implications are discussed.

History

Volume

5

Issue

6

Start Page

1

End Page

9

Number of Pages

9

ISSN

2405-8440

Publisher

Elsevier, UK

Additional Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Peer Reviewed

  • Yes

Open Access

  • Yes

Acceptance Date

2019-06-17

External Author Affiliations

Istanbul Mediniyet University, Turkey; Stellenbosch University, South Africa; Trent University, US; University of Toronto; Manchester Metropolitan University

Era Eligible

  • Yes

Journal

Heliyon