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Treating conduct disorder: An effectiveness and natural language analysis study of a new family-centred intervention program

journal contribution
posted on 31.05.2018, 00:00 by KA Stevens, Kevin RonanKevin Ronan, Gene DaviesGene Davies
© 2016 This paper reports on a new family-centred, feedback-informed intervention focused on evaluating therapeutic outcomes and language changes across treatment for conduct disorder (CD). The study included 26 youth and families from a larger randomised, controlled trial (Ronan et al., in preparation). Outcome measures reflected family functioning/youth compliance, delinquency, and family goal attainment. First- and last-treatment session audio files were transcribed into more than 286,000 words and evaluated through the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count Analysis program (Pennebaker et al., 2007). Significant outcomes across family functioning/youth compliance, delinquency, goal attainment and word usage reflected moderate-strong effect sizes. Benchmarking findings also revealed reduced time of treatment delivery compared to a gold standard approach. Linguistic analysis revealed specific language changes across treatment. For caregivers, increased first person, action-oriented, present tense, and assent type words and decreased sadness words were found; for youth, significant reduction in use of leisure words. This study is the first using lexical analyses of natural language to assess change across treatment for conduct disordered youth and families. Such findings provided strong support for program tenets; others, more speculative support.

History

Volume

251

Start Page

287

End Page

293

Number of Pages

7

eISSN

1872-7123

ISSN

0165-1781

Publisher

Elsevier

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

26/11/2016

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Psychiatry Research