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Think before you speak : pauses, memory search, and trace redintegration processes in verbal memory span

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by C Hulme, P Newton, N Cowan, George StuartGeorge Stuart, G Brown
Immediate memory span and speed of memory search were assessed for words and nonwords of short and long spoken duration. Memory span was substantially greater for words than for nonwords and for short than for long items, though speed of memory search was unaffected by either length or lexicality. An analysis of the temporal pattern of responses in the memory span task indicated that inter-item pauses were longer between nonwords than words but that these pause durations were unaffected by item length. A model of verbal short-term memory span is described in which trace selection from a short-term store and the redintegration (restoration) of degraded phonological traces both occur in the pauses between saying successive items. Both trace selection and trace redintegration appear to play important roles in accounting for individual differences in memory span.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

25

Issue

2

Start Page

447

End Page

463

Number of Pages

17

ISSN

0278-7393

Location

Washington

Publisher

American Psychological Association

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Not affiliated to a Research Institute; University of Missouri--Columbia; University of Warwick; University of York;

Era Eligible

No

Journal

Journal of experimental psychology : learning, memory, and cognition.