The unique cycle of Strongyloides stercoralis and implications for public health action CQU.pdf (1.41 MB)

The unique cycle of Strongyloides stercoralis and implications for public health action

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Version 2 2022-09-12, 05:11
Version 1 2021-01-18, 13:22
journal contribution
posted on 2022-09-12, 05:11 authored by W Page, Jennifer JuddJennifer Judd, Richard Bradbury
Strongyloides stercoralis has one of the most complex life cycles of the human-infecting nematodes. A common misconception in medical and public health professions is that S. stercoralis in its biology is akin to other intestinal nematodes, such as the hookworms. Despite original evidence provided by medical and veterinary research about this unique helminth, many assumptions have entered the scientific literature. This helminth is set apart from others that commonly affect humans by (a) the internal autoinfective cycle with autoinfective larvae randomly migrating through tissue, parthenogenesis, and the potential for lifelong infection in the host, the profound pathology occurring in hyperinfection and systemic manifestations of strongyloidiasis, and (b) a limited external cycle with a single generation of free-living adults. This paper aims to review and discuss original research on the unique life cycle of S. stercoralis that distinguishes it from other helminths and highlight areas where increased understanding of the parasite’s biology might lead to improved public health prevention and control strategies






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M D P I AG, Switzerland

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CC BY 4.0

Peer Reviewed

  • Yes

Open Access

  • Yes

Cultural Warning

This research output may contain the names and images of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people now deceased. We apologize for any distress that may occur.

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External Author Affiliations

Miwatj Health Aboriginal Corporation; James Cook University

Author Research Institute

  • Centre for Indigenous Health Equity Research

Era Eligible

  • Yes


Tropical Medicine and Infectious Disease