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The role of prior experience in informing and motivating earthquake preparedness

journal contribution
posted on 31.05.2018, 00:00 by JS Becker, D Paton, DM Johnston, Kevin Ronan, J McClure
© 2017 The Authors Motivating household preparedness for earthquakes can be difficult, especially given the infrequent and varying nature of major events. Past research has shown that people's experiences contribute to their beliefs about whether, and how, they should prepare for earthquakes. Direct experience of a disaster can be a strong motivator of preparedness; however, most people will not directly experience a large damaging earthquake in their lifetimes. They instead need to rely on experience of small earthquakes, experience of different disasters, adverse life experiences (e.g. accidents), or vicarious experience. This paper explores the influence of such experiences on earthquake preparedness. The research found that experience has seven different influences on the preparedness process including: prompting thinking and talking; raising awareness and knowledge; helping individuals understand the consequences of a disaster; developing beliefs; developing preparedness; influencing emotions and feelings; and prompting community interaction on disaster issues.

History

Volume

22

Start Page

179

End Page

193

Number of Pages

15

ISSN

2212-4209

Publisher

Elsevier

Additional Rights

CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

Acceptance Date

14/03/2017

External Author Affiliations

Joint Centre for Disaster Research; Charles Darwin University; Massey University; Victoria University Wellington

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction

Exports