CQUniversity
Browse

File(s) not publicly available

The predictive 6-factor resilience scale: Neurobiological fundamentals and organizational application

journal contribution
posted on 2017-12-06, 00:00 authored by Pieter Rossouw, JG Rossouw
Psychological resilience is currently viewed as primarily a mental construct, with few measurement scales explicitly considering health hygiene factors as an integral component that allows healthy adaptation to adversity. Ongoing research, however, has provided greater clarity on the neurobiological nature of psychological resilience and has also suggested that health hygiene factors affect mental well-being on a neurobiological basis. We describe the neurobiological fundamentals of a new brief psychological resilience rating scale, the Predictive 6-Factor Resilience Scale (PR6), consisting of 16 items. Using this scale, we test the hypothesis that health hygiene factors are correlated with psychological resilience domains. We also measure forward-looking elements to contrast with point-in-time measurements and to check for consistency with the resilience construct. An existing neurobiological model is used as the basis for resilience domains and is then compared to other resilience scales for similarity in domain coverage. The PR6 was developed and subsequently applied using two modes (digital delivery, paper-based) to groups of working professionals (Healthcare, Finance). Internal consistency of the PR6 was tested and correlations between health hygiene factors and current resilience domains were carried out. Differences in resilience between industry, gender, and age groups were considered. Resilience scores for the PR6 showed good internal consistency over the 16 items and, alongside the correlation studies, confirmed that health hygiene factors have a statistically significant relationship with psychological resilience. Domain variances in groups indicated lower health hygiene scores in the Finance industry group, as well as with males. Emotion regulation (Composure domain) was found to be higher in the Healthcare industry group. Forward-looking items were also found to improve consistency and correlate with higher levels of resilience. Findings suggest that health hygiene factors should be considered in conjunction with traditional psychological resilience domains, and that the PR6 is a valid psychometric scale through which measurement can be applied. Forward-looking items (approach/ avoidance motivation schemas) were found to have a strong positive correlation with overall resilience scores, suggesting approach motivation schemas favorably impact healthy adaptation to difficult circumstances and stress. The foundations of each resilience domain measured by the PR6 provide for targeted treatment to improve holistic resilience capacity, and industry application in this study shows efficacy for both point-in-time and forward-looking psychological resilience assessment.

History

Volume

4

Issue

1

Start Page

31

End Page

45

Number of Pages

15

ISSN

2202-7653

Location

Australia

Publisher

Dahlitz Media Pty Ltd

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

  • Yes

Open Access

  • No

External Author Affiliations

Thee Neuropsychotherapy Institute

Era Eligible

  • Yes

Journal

International Journal of Neuropsychotherapy

Usage metrics

    CQUniversity

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC