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The effect of probiotic fermented milk products on blood lipid concentrations: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

journal contribution
posted on 16.07.2021, 04:30 by Rahele Ziaei, Abed Ghavami, Saman KhalesiSaman Khalesi, Reza Ghiasvand, Amin Mokari_yamchi
Aim: Fermented milk products are suggested as a supplementary therapy to help reduce blood lipid levels. However, the results of clinical studies are conflicting. Data synthesis: This study systematically reviewed 39 randomized controlled trials (n = 2237 participants) to investigate the effect of probiotic fermented milk products on blood lipids. A meta-analysis was performed using random effects models, with weighted mean differences (WMDs) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Statistically significant reductions in blood low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (WMD: −7.34 mg/dL, 95% CI: from −10.04 to −4.65, and P < 0.001) and total cholesterol (TC) concentrations (WMD: −8.30 mg/dL, 95% CI: from −11.42 to −5.18, and P < 0.001) were observed. No statistically significant effect of probiotic fermented milk was observed on blood high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and triacylglycerol (TAG) levels. The effect on TC and LDL-C level was more pronounced in men, and a greater reduction in TAG was observed in trials with longer interventions (≥8 weeks) as compared to their counterparts. Conclusions: Available evidence suggests that probiotic fermented milk products may help to reduce serum TC and LDL-C cholesterol levels, particularly in men and when they are consumed for ≥8 weeks.

History

Volume

31

Issue

4

Start Page

997

End Page

1015

Number of Pages

19

eISSN

1590-3729

ISSN

0939-4753

Location

Netherlands

Publisher

Elsevier

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

21/12/2020

External Author Affiliations

Ishfan University of Medical Sciences; Shaid Beheshti University, Iran

Author Research Institute

Appleton Institute

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases