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The concentration of ascorbic acid and glutathione in 13 provenances of Acacia melanoxylon
journal contributionposted on 2020-10-28, 00:00 authored by A Wujeska-Klause, G Bossinger, Michael Tausz
Climate change can negatively affect sensitive tree species, affecting their acclimation and adaptation strategies. A common garden experiment provides an opportunity to test whether responses of trees from different provenances are genetically driven and if this response is related to factors at the site of origin. We hypothesized that antioxidative defence systems and leaf mass area of Acacia melanoxylon R. Br. samples collected from different provenances will vary depending on local rainfall. Thirteen provenances of A. melanoxylon originating from different rainfall habitats (500-2000 mm) were grown for 5 years in a common garden. For 2 years, phyllode samples were collected during winter and summer, for measurements of leaf mass area and concentrations of glutathione and ascorbic acid. Leaf mass area varied between seasons, years and provenances of A. melanoxylon, and an increase was associated with decreasing rainfall at the site of origin. Ascorbic acid and glutathione concentrations varied between seasons, years (i.e., environmental factors) and among provenances of A. melanoxylon. In general, glutathione and ascorbic acid concentrations were higher in winter compared with summer. Ascorbic acid and glutathione were different among provenances, but this was not associated with rainfall at the site of origin. © 2016 The Author.