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The Four Es 1-year later : a tool for predicting the development of gambling problems

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journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by Matthew RockloffMatthew Rockloff, Victoria DyerVictoria Dyer
The Four Es is a 40-item scale measuring psychological risk for the development of problem gambling behavior. One-year follow-up interviews (n = 395) from a previously reported phone survey in Queensland, Australia (n = 2,577) (Rockloff & Dyer, 2006) tested the ability of the Four Es instrument to prospectively identify persons who would later develop gambling problems. Two groups of participants were selected for the 1-year follow-up interviews, including (1) persons who had gambling problems, high-risk alcohol abuse problems, and/or substance abuse problems (abuse group); and (2) a random selection of other persons from the original survey (random group). The results indicated that the “Excess” trait, which measures impulsive behavior, was predictive of relative increases in gambling problems for both groups over the 1-year period. Additionally, the Four Es questionnaire showed good psychometric properties in the surveys, with a test-retest reliability of r = .70 and a Cronbach’s alpha reliability of α = .90 and .92 in the original and follow-up interviews, respectively.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

23

Issue

4

Start Page

467

End Page

478

Number of Pages

12

eISSN

1573-3602

ISSN

1050-5350

Location

Netherlands

Publisher

Springer

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Centre for Social Science Research; Institute for Health and Social Science Research (IHSSR);

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Journal of gambling studies.