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Sex differences in response to emotion recognition training after traumatic brain injury

journal contribution
posted on 24.10.2018, 00:00 by DR Babbage, Barbra Zupan, D Neumann, B Willer
Objective: To examine sex differences in the effectiveness of a Stories intervention for teaching affect recognition in people with a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Setting: Post-acute rehabilitation facilities. Participants: 203 participants (53 women and 150 men) with moderate to severe TBI were screened. 71 were eligible and randomized to one of three treatment conditions: two affect recognition conditions and an active control (cognition). This paper examines sex differences between the Stories intervention (n = 23, 5 women and 18 men) and the cognitive treatment control (n = 24, 8 women and 16 men). Design: Randomized controlled trial with immediate, 3- and 6-month follow-up post-tests. Interventions were 9 hours of computer-based training with a therapist. Measures: Facial Affect Recognition (DANVA2-AF); Emotional Inference from Stories Test (EIST). Results: A significant treatment effect was observed for the Stories intervention for women, who demonstrated and maintained improved facial affect recognition. In contrast, males in our sample did not benefit from the Stories intervention. Conclusion: This positive finding for the Stories intervention for females contrasts with our conclusions in a previous paper, where an analysis collapsed across sex did not reveal an overall effectiveness of the Stories intervention. This intervention warrants further research and development. © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

Funding

Other

History

Volume

32

Issue

12

Start Page

1492

End Page

1499

Number of Pages

8

eISSN

1362-301X

ISSN

0269-9052

Publisher

Taylor & Francis, UK

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

State University of New York at Buffalo; Indiana University School of Medicine; Auckland University of Technology

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Brain Injury