Randomised controlled trial of informal team sports for cardiorespiratory fitness and health benefit in Pacific adults CQU.pdf (381.62 kB)
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Randomised controlled trial of informal team sports for cardiorespiratory fitness and health benefit in Pacific adults

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journal contribution
posted on 20.09.2022, 03:54 authored by MG Biddle, Grace VincentGrace Vincent, A McCambridge, G Britton, O Dewes, CR Elley, SA Moyes, J Edge
Introduction: Rates of obesity, Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are high among Pacific people in New Zealand. Physical activity is recommended in the prevention and management of these conditions. Community-based, ‘small-sided game’ group activities may be an effective and culturally appropriate way to promote physical activity within Pacific communities. Aim : To assess the effectiveness of small-sided games-based exercise on fitness and health parameters among Pacific adults over four weeks. Methods: Twenty untrained (13 female) Pacific adults were randomised to intervention or control. Intervention participants were offered 45 minutes of small-sided games three times per week for four weeks. Control participants were offered one-month gym membership after the trial. Primary outcomes included cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak) and leg strength (maximal concentric force of quadriceps at 60°/second) measured at baseline and four weeks. Secondary outcomes included glycaemia, lipid profile, blood pressure (BP), and inflammatory markers. Multivariable regression models were used to assess differences between groups, adjusting for baseline values, age and gender. Results: At baseline, mean age was 34.8 years (SD 12.6), BMI 36.3 (6.7), systolic BP 127.7 mmHg (12.1), HbA1c 6.1% (1.9), VO2peak 2.5 L/min (0.6) and leg strength 170.0 N.m (57.4). Sixteen participants completed the trial. Change in outcomes were greater in intervention than control participants in absolute VO2peak (0.9 L/min (p=0.003)), leg strength (17.8 N.m (p=0.04)) and HDL (0.12 mmol/L (p=0.02)). There were no other significant differences. DISCUSSION: Small-sided games appear to be a promising means for improving the health and cardio-respiratory fitness and reducing the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in Pacific adults.

History

Volume

3

Issue

4

Start Page

269

End Page

277

Number of Pages

9

eISSN

1172-6156

ISSN

1172-6164

Publisher

Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners

Additional Rights

Journal home site "The Journal of Primary Health Care (JPHC) is the peer-reviewed, open access research journal of The Royal New Zealand College of General Practitioners (RNZCGP)"

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

External Author Affiliations

The University Of Auckland

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Journal of Primary Health Care