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Quantification of non-uniform distribution and growth of corrosion products at steel-concrete interface
journal contributionposted on 2020-03-19, 00:00 authored by F Chen, C-Q Li, Hassan BajiHassan Baji, B Ma
© 2019 The expansive nature of corrosion products at the steel-concrete interface directly leads to the cracking and spalling of steel reinforced concrete, and its premature failure. In this paper, fundamental causes that affect the distribution and growth of corrosion products at the steel-concrete interface are quantitatively examined. The thickness of the layer of corrosion products and its growth with time are measured accurately using the technique of backscattered electron imaging and with a statistically significant number of samples, which are then verified with Faraday's law. A model for the distribution and growth of the non-uniform corrosion layer is developed. It is found in the paper that the corrosion products are non-uniform around the steel-concrete interface, with the maximum at the bottom side of steel bar with respect to casting direction. It is also found that the amount of corrosion products increases with the increase of water to cement ratio of concrete. The significance of this research is that it has quantitatively examined the effect of microstructure of the steel-concrete interface, a fundamental factor, on the distribution and growth of corrosion products. Findings presented in the paper can contribute to the accurate prediction of corrosion-induced cracking of steel reinforced concrete and hence prevent its premature failure.