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Quality control of honey using infrared spectroscopy: A review
journal contributionposted on 2018-08-08, 00:00 authored by Daniel CozzolinoDaniel Cozzolino, E Corbella, HE Smyth
Honey is a carbohydrate-rich syrup and viscous fluid produced by honeybees (Apis mellifera) from the nectar of flowers that, by definition, does not include any other substances. Honey is produced primarily from floral nectars, and fructose and glucose are the major components. Overall, the chemical composition of honey varies depending on plant source, season, production methods, and storage conditions. Analytical methods applied to honey generally deal with different topics such as determination of botanical or geographical origin, quality control according to the current standards, and detection of adulteration or residues. Traditional chemical composition analysis and physical properties assessment are routinely performed in commercial trading of honey using time-consuming analytical methods that require considerable sample preparation and analytical skills. Spectroscopic techniques in the infrared (IR) wavelength region of the electromagnetic spectrum have been used in the food industry to monitor and evaluate the composition of foods and are becoming one of the most attractive and commonly used methods of analysis. This review discusses the use, with advantages and limitations, of IR spectroscopy technologies to evaluate and monitor the composition of honey. Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.