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Psychological resilience in New Zealand registered nurses: The role of workplace characteristics

journal contribution
posted on 17.02.2020, 00:00 authored by C Tabakakis, Margaret McallisterMargaret Mcallister, Julie BradshawJulie Bradshaw, Gia ToGia To
Aim: To investigate the impact of workplace factors on psychological resilience in registered nurses. Background: Nursing is characterized by persistent workplace adversity. Psychological resilience has been postulated as a means to mitigate the effects of workplace adversity. There is little research that examines the role of workplace factors (i.e., practice environment and bullying) in shaping resilience. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 480 registered New Zealand nurses. Psychological resilience was self-reported using the CD-RISC-10, while practice environment and workplace bullying were self-reported using PES-NWI and NAQ-R, respectively. Results: For every point increase in PES-NWI and NAQ-R, there was an increase of 2.84 points (95%CI = 1.79, 3.89; p-value = <0.001) and a decrease of 0.07 points (95% CI = −0.12, −0.03; p-value = 0.002) in resilience, after controlling for demographic and job-related characteristics. These two factors explained for 12.6% of the variation in resilience. About 25.8% of registered nurses experienced bullying. Conclusion: Workplace factors are associated with psychological resilience in registered nurses. Implications for Nursing Management: Nurse managers are key to transforming health care work environments to promote positive outcomes for nurses, the organisation and patient outcomes. Future efforts to promote psychological resilience in registered nurses need to enhance the practice environment and reduce workplace bullying. © 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

History

Volume

27

Issue

7

Start Page

1351

End Page

1358

Number of Pages

8

eISSN

1365-2834

ISSN

0966-0429

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, UK

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

13/06/2019

External Author Affiliations

Queensland University of Technology; University of Otago, NZ

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Journal of Nursing Management