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Protective action and risky beliefs: The relationship between religion and gambling fallacies

A number of studies have explored the relationship between religious beliefs and gambling (including gambling fallacies and gambling harm) but report seemingly contradictory findings. While some studies have found religious belief to be positively associated with gambling fallacies, others have found it to be a protective factor from gambling harms. One explanation for these differing effects is that gambling fallacies and metaphysical religious belief share properties of supernatural and magical thinking. Nevertheless, social support and moral strictures associated with religion might help protect against an unhealthy engagement with gambling. Using a multidimensional measure of religiosity, we hypothesised that only the supernatural facet of religious adherence would present a risk for gambling fallacies. We analysed two archival data sources collected in Canada (Quinte Longitudinal Study: N = 4121, M = 46, SD = 14, Female = 54%; Leisure, Lifestyle and Lifecycle Project: N = 1372, M = 37, SD = 17, Female = 56%). Using the Rohrbaugh–Jessor Religiosity Scale, we confirmed that the supernatural theistic domain of religion was a positive risk factor for gambling fallacies. However, participation in ritual (behavioural) aspects, such as churchgoing, was negatively associated with risk, and no effect was observed for the consequential (moral) domain. We conclude that multidimensional aspects in religious measures may account for conflicting prior findings. age age age age

Funding

Category 2 - Other Public Sector Grants Category

History

Volume

38

Issue

1

Start Page

253

End Page

263

Number of Pages

11

eISSN

1573-3602

ISSN

1050-5350

Location

United States

Publisher

Springer

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

20/04/2021

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Journal of Gambling Studies