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Periodic variation in kernel oil content and fatty acid profiles of Calophyllum innophyllm [sic] L. : a potential biodiesel feedstock in Australia

Variation in oil content and fatty acid profiles of a native Australian biodiesel feedstock species Calophyllum inophyllum were studied in two different fruiting periods (winter 2008 and autumn 2009) and in three different northern Queensland provenances Cardwell, Townsville, Yeppoon). Oils were extracted by standard n-hexane double extraction and fatty acid profiles were determined by ISO 5508 and 5509 methods using gas chromatography. C. inophyllum provenances have demonstrated a significant periodic variation in oil content and fatty acid profile, and as a result alter the quality of fatty acid methyl esters (biodiesel). FAP of majority of kernel oil sources were found to vary significantly (P < 0.05) with seasonal variation in temperature and longterm average rainfall.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

35

Issue

8

Start Page

3448

End Page

3452

Number of Pages

5

ISSN

0961-9534

Location

USA

Publisher

Elsevier

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Centre for Plant and Water Science; Institute for Resource Industries and Sustainability (IRIS);

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Biomass and bioenergy.