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Performance assessment of a solar dryer system using small parabolic dish_CQU.pdf (2.06 MB)

Performance assessment of a solar dryer system using small parabolic dish and alumina/oil nanofluid: Simulation and experimental study

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posted on 2023-11-20, 03:44 authored by AH Arkian, G Najafi, S Gorjian, R Loni, E Bellos, Talal YusafTalal Yusaf
In this study, a small dish concentrator with a cylindrical cavity receiver was experimentally investigated as the heat source of a dryer. The system was examined for operation with pure thermal oil and Al2O3/oil nanofluid as the working fluids in the solar system. Moreover, the design, the development, and the evaluation of the dried mint plant are presented in this work. Also, the solar dryer system was simulated by the SolidWorks and ANSYS CFX software. On the other side, the color histogram of the wet and dried mint samples based on the RGB method was considered. The results revealed that the different temperatures of the solar working fluids at the inlet and outlet of the cavity receiver showed similar trend data compared to the variation of the solar radiation during the experimental test. Moreover, it is found that the cavity heat gain and thermal efficiency of the solar system was improved by using the nanofluid as the solar working fluid. Furthermore, the required time for mint drying had decreased by increasing the drying temperature and increasing air speed. The highest drying time was measured equal to 320 min for the condition of the air speed equal to 0.5 m/s and the drying temperature of 30 ◦C. A good agreement was observed between the calculated numerical results and measured experimental data. Finally, based on the color histogram of the wet and dried mint samples, it was concluded that intensity amount of the red color of the mint increased with the drying process compared to intensity amount of the red color of the wet mint sample.

History

Volume

12

Issue

24

Start Page

1

End Page

22

Number of Pages

22

eISSN

1996-1073

Publisher

MDPI AG

Additional Rights

CC BY 4.0 DEED

Language

en

Peer Reviewed

  • Yes

Open Access

  • Yes

Acceptance Date

2019-12-07

Era Eligible

  • Yes

Journal

Energies

Article Number

ARTN 4747

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