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Performance analysis of direct injection diesel engine fueled with diesel-tomato seed oil biodiesel blending by ANOVA and ANN
journal contributionposted on 11.05.2020, 00:00 by Rahim KaramiRahim Karami, Mohammad RasulMohammad Rasul, Mohammad KhanMohammad Khan, Mohammad AnwarMohammad Anwar
Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for diesel engine. Considering the differences between diesel and biodiesel fuels, the engine condition should be modified based on the fuel or fuel blends to achieve optimum performance. This study presented a performance analysis of a direct-injected (DI) diesel engine with a dynamometer fueled with diesel-tomato seed biodiesel (TSOB) blends employing ANOVA and universal nonlinear model based on ANN. The experiments were carried out under conditions of some independent variables including different engine loads (0, 50, 100%) and speed (1800, 2150, and 2500 rpm) for four diesel-biodiesel combinations (B0, B5, B10, and B20). In this research, the effect of these factors on dependent variables including power, torque, SFC, FC, and Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) are investigated. Duncan0s multi-domain test at a significance level of R < 0.01 shows that the highest and lowest of the torque and power are produced from B5 and B20, respectively. These results show that the lowest EGT of 613 K is related to B20 and the highest EGT is related to B5 and B10. The regression models showed that the torque decreases with increasing the engine speed and biodiesel percentage. These results also show that the highest and the lowest SFC is related to B0 and B20, respectively. The ANN model shows high capability of predicting the engine performance parameters and emissions, without running costly and time-consuming experiments with the histogram error of 0.004 and R = 0.96. It also proved that ANN is a non-linear model of choice to deal with these data, instead of multivariate linear regression employed for preliminary analysis. © 2019 MDPI AG. All rights reserved.