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Overactivity in chronic pain: Is it a valid construct?

journal contribution
posted on 13.08.2018, 00:00 by NE Andrews, J Strong, Pamela Meredith
Overactivity is a frequently used term in chronic pain literature. It refers to the phenomenon whereby individuals engage in activity in a way that significantly exacerbates pain, resulting in periods of incapacity. Overactivity, as a construct, has been derived solely from patients' self-reports, raising concerns about the legitimacy of the construct. Self-reported overactivity reflects an individual's "belief," collected retrospectively, that their earlier activity levels have resulted in increased levels of pain. This may be different to an individual actually engaging in activity in a way that significantly exacerbates pain. In this study, a 5-day observational study design was used to investigate the validity of overactivity as a construct by examining the relationship between a self-report measure of overactivity, patterns of pain, and objectively measured physical activity over time. A sample of 68 adults with chronic pain completed a questionnaire investigating self-reported habitual engagement in overactivity and activity avoidance behaviour, before commencing 5 days of data collection. Over the 5-day period, participants wore an activity monitor and recorded their pain intensity 6 times a day using a handheld computer. Associations were found between (1) high levels of pain and both high overactivity and high avoidance, (2) high levels of overactivity and more variation in pain and objective activity across days, and (3) high levels of overactivity and the reoccurrence of prolonged activity engagement followed by significant pain increases observed in data sets. These results offer some preliminary support for the validity of overactivity as a legitimate construct in chronic pain. © 2015 International Association for the Study of Pain.

History

Volume

156

Issue

10

Start Page

1991

End Page

2000

Number of Pages

10

eISSN

1872-6623

ISSN

0304-3959

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, USA

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

02/06/2015

External Author Affiliations

University of Queensland; The Royal Brisbane and Women’s Hospital

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Pain

Exports

CQUniversity

Exports