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Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council: A scoping review

journal contribution
posted on 23.12.2021, 03:48 by Alan Batt, Chelsea Lanos, Shannon DelportShannon Delport, Dalal Al-Hasan, Shane Knox, Assim Alhmoudi, Megan Anderson, Saleh Fares, Fergal Cummins
Background: Published data are lacking on response to and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the Middle East. What data there are have not been comprehensively analysed. Aims: This study aimed to assess the characteristics of people with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates) and the response to and outcomes of such incidents. Methods: This was a scoping review of published and grey literature on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in GCC countries from 1990 to June 2019. Studies in English and Arabic were eligible for inclusion. MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science and EMBASE were searched as well as relevant non-indexed journals. Google searches were also done. References of included studies were scanned for relevant articles. Experts on the subject in the region were consulted. Results: Of 647 citations retrieved, 24 studies were included for data extraction and analysis. No literature was identified for Bahrain. People with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the region were younger, predominantly male and had more comorbidity than reported in other regions of the world. Use of emergency medical services was low across the GCC countries, as was bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation, return of spontaneous circulation and survival to discharge. Conclusions: A coordinated effort to address out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, including the generation of research, is lacking within and among GCC countries. Establishment of lead agencies responsible for developing and coordinating strategies to address out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, such as community response, public education and reporting databases, is recommended.

Funding

Category 3 - Industry and Other Research Income

History

Volume

27

Issue

7

Start Page

707

End Page

717

Number of Pages

11

eISSN

1687-1634

ISSN

1020-3397

Publisher

WHO

Additional Rights

CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

Yes

Acceptance Date

08/09/2020

External Author Affiliations

Zayed Military Hospital, Abu Dhabi Police, UAE; University of Limerick, National Ambulance Service College, Ireland; County of Renfrew Paramedic Service, Fanshawe College, Canada; Health Sciences College, Kuwait

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Electronic

Journal

Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal