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Optimizing an eHealth insomnia intervention for children with neurodevelopmental disorders: a Delphi study
journal contributionposted on 11.06.2019, 00:00 by N Ali, Gabrielle RigneyGabrielle Rigney, SK Weiss, CA Brown, E Constantin, R Godbout, A Hanlon-Dearman, O Ipsiroglu, GJ Reid, S Shea
Insomnia, which is related to daytime deficits and is a common problem for children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs), is often successfully treated with behavioral strategies. However, there are barriers to accessing these treatments, and there has been little research examining what these interventions need to be usable and effective. The goal of this study was to gain consensus from experts in the field on the key components of an eHealth, parent-implemented, intervention program aimed at improving sleep in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. This was achieved using the Delphi method,which involves asking participants to respond to open-ended questions about a topic of interest and then, in iterative rounds, to rate the recommendations that were made by the group. In the current study, participants (27 responders in the first round, 21 in the second, and 18 in the third) rated a total of 131 recommendations. Of those 131 recommendations, 52 items had high importance and high consensus and were deemed to be priority items to consider for creating an eHealth, parent-delivered, behaviorally-based intervention for insomnia in children with NDD. Furthermore, 75% (n = 84) of the 112 recommendations from the first round were believed to be applicable across all 4 NDD groups, thus providing evidence of the potential for a transdiagnostic intervention.