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Morphology, life cycle and management of two invasive subspecies of Papilio demoleus (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae): A review

journal contribution
posted on 21.06.2021, 03:04 authored by Shahzab Riaz, Joel JohnsonJoel Johnson, Talha Rasheed, Martin Wiemers
Papilio demoleus L., also known as the citrus butterfly or chequered swallowtail, is a common species in the Asia-Pacific region, with two of its subspecies (P. d. demoleus and P. d. malayanus) posing significant threats to the citrus industry in Asia and other regions of the world. Its predominant natural host plants are the Rutaceae for the invasive northern subspecies and Fabaceae for the southern subspecies. The morphology and development of this species are reasonably well studied, although further information is required on its natural mortality rates and environmental tolerance in order to accurately predict its future potential spread throughout the Middle East and Central Americas. Synthetic pyrethroids such as deltamethrin are highly effective for the control of P. demoleus larvae. However, better control is likely to be found using an integrated approach to pest management, incorporating techniques such as biocontrol agents, microbial pesticides and phytopesticides, in conjunction with synthetic pesticides where required.

History

Volume

144

Issue

10

Start Page

845

End Page

856

Number of Pages

12

eISSN

1439-0418

ISSN

0931-2048

Publisher

Wiley-blackwell

Language

en

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

12/09/2020

External Author Affiliations

PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Pakistan; Senckenberg Deutsches Entomologisches Institut, Germany

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Journal of Applied Entomology