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Massage induces an immediate, albeit short-term, reduction in muscle stiffness

journal contribution
posted on 28.06.2018, 00:00 by M Eriksson Crommert, L Lacourpaille, Luke HealesLuke Heales, K Tucker, F Hug
© 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.Using ultrasound shear wave elastography, the aims of this study were: (a) to evaluate the effect of massage on stiffness of the medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscle and (b) to determine whether this effect (if any) persists over a short period of rest. A 7-min massage protocol was performed unilaterally on MG in 18 healthy volunteers. Measurements of muscle shear elastic modulus (stiffness) were performed bilaterally (control and massaged leg) in a moderately stretched position at three time points: before massage (baseline), directly after massage (follow-up 1), and following 3min of rest (follow-up 2). Directly after massage, participants rated pain experienced during the massage. MG shear elastic modulus of the massaged leg decreased significantly at follow-up 1 (-5.2±8.8%, P=0.019, d=-0.66). There was no difference between follow-up 2 and baseline for the massaged leg (P=0.83) indicating that muscle stiffness returned to baseline values. Shear elastic modulus was not different between time points in the control leg. There was no association between perceived pain during the massage and stiffness reduction (r=0.035; P=0.89). This is the first study to provide evidence that massage reduces muscle stiffness. However, this effect is short lived and returns to baseline values quickly after cessation of the massage.

Funding

Other

History

Volume

25

Issue

5

Start Page

490

End Page

496

Number of Pages

7

eISSN

1600-0838

ISSN

0905-7188

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

University of Queensland; 2Family Medicine Research Centre, Örebro County Council,Sweden; University of Nantes, Frabce

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports

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