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Managing travel fatigue and jet lag in athletes: A review and consensus statement

journal contribution
posted on 26.10.2021, 01:41 authored by Dina C Janse van Rensburg, Audrey Jansen van Rensburg, Peter M Fowler, Amy M Bender, David Stevens, Kieran O Sullivan, Hugh HK Fullagar, Juan-Manuel Alonso, Michelle Biggins, Amanda Claassen-Smithers, Rob Collins, Michiko Dohi, Matthew W Driller, Ian C Dunican, Luke Gupta, Shona L Halson, Antonio LastellaAntonio Lastella, Kathleen H Miles, Mathieu Nedelec, Tony Page, Gregory RoachGregory Roach, Charli SargentCharli Sargent, Meeta Singh, Grace VincentGrace Vincent, Jacopo A Vitale, Tanita Botha
Athletes are increasingly required to travel domestically and internationally, often resulting in travel fatigue and jet lag. Despite considerable agreement that travel fatigue and jet lag can be a real and impactful issue for athletes regarding performance and risk of illness and injury, evidence on optimal assessment and management is lacking. Therefore 26 researchers and/or clinicians with knowledge in travel fatigue, jet lag and sleep in the sports setting, formed an expert panel to formalise a review and consensus document. This manuscript includes definitions of terminology commonly used in the field of circadian physiology, outlines basic information on the human circadian system and how it is affected by time-givers, discusses the causes and consequences of travel fatigue and jet lag, and provides consensus on recommendations for managing travel fatigue and jet lag in athletes. The lack of evidence restricts the strength of recommendations that are possible but the consensus group identified the fundamental principles and interventions to consider for both the assessment and management of travel fatigue and jet lag. These are summarised in travel toolboxes including strategies for pre-flight, during flight and post-flight. The consensus group also outlined specific steps to advance theory and practice in these areas.

History

Volume

51

Issue

10

Start Page

2029

End Page

2050

Number of Pages

22

eISSN

1179-2035

ISSN

0112-1642

Location

New Zealand

Publisher

Springer

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

07/06/2021

External Author Affiliations

IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi Italy; Henry Ford Sleep Disorders Center, USA; Team Doctor All Blacks Rugby Team, NZ; French National Institute of Sport (INSEP); University of Canberra; Australian Catholic University; English Institute of Sport,; University of Western Australia; La Trobe University; Japan Institute of Sports Sciences; South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport; Aspetar Hospital, Qatar; University of Technology Sydney; University of Limerick, Ireland; Flinders University; University of Pretoria, SA; Queensland University of Technology; University of Calgary, Canada

Author Research Institute

Appleton Institute

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Sports Medicine