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Leptospiral antibodies in flying foxes in Australia

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journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by L Smythe, H Field, Leonie Barnett, C Smith, M Dohnt, M Symonds, M Moore, P Rolfe
The sera of 271 pteropid bats (or flying foxes) collected from Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia, and the Northern Territory were screened against a reference panel of 21 Leptospira spp. using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Sera were collected from December 1997 through August 1999. The MAT panel represented those serovars previously isolated in Australia, as well as exotic serovars found in neighboring countries. Leptospiral antibodies were detected in 75 (28%) of the sera and represented seven serovars, one of which, L. interrogans serovar cynopteri has been regarded as exotic to Australia. Sixty sera were reactive to one serovar, 12 sera were reactive to two serovars, and three sera were reactive to three serovars. The L. kirschneri serovar australis was most frequently identified (60.2%). The findings suggest a previously unrecognized role of pteropid bats in the natural history of leptospirosis. The potential exists for establishment of infection in new host species, the transmission of new serovars to known host species, and for changes in virulence of leptospires as a result of passage through these species.

History

Volume

38

Issue

1

Start Page

182

End Page

186

Number of Pages

5

ISSN

0090-3558

Location

United States

Publisher

Wildlife Disease Association

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Era Eligible

No

Journal

Journal of wildlife diseases.