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Investigation of influence of constraints with radius links on locomotive axle load distribution and wheelset steering ability
journal contributionposted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by Maksym SpiryaginMaksym Spiryagin, H Yoo, KS Lee, V Spiryagin, M Gorbunov
The problem of improving the tractive and dynamic performance of locomotives by means of using axle boxes with inclined radius links was investigated. The kinematics of axle boxes with different variants (different angles) and designs of inclined radius links, based on the vector contour method for link mechanisms, was studied. The results of a bogie design with vertically inclined radius links were used for the improvement of vertical load distribution for locomotives. The behavior of a locomotive running in a curve is more complicated because the lateral forces appear between a flange of the wheel and the head of the rail in the contact zone, and the values of wheel slip are higher than for straight sections of track. These two factors are the main reasons for wheel wear. Theoretical and experimental investigations to reduce wear and to improve vehicle dynamics were made, and the results obtained show that an effective solution can be reached by the use of inclined links to the longitudinal axis of a bogie in the horizontal plane. Questions about the development of a bogie with a radial installation and active steering are discussed.