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Intention–behavior gap is wider for walking and moderate physical activity than for vigorous physical activity in university students

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by Amanda Rebar, J Maher, S Doerksen, S Elavsky, D Conroy
Objectives: The theory of planned behavior proposes that physical activity is the result of intentions; however little is known about whether the relation between intentions and behavior differs between vigorous, moderate physical activity, and walking. For university students, vigorous physical activity is oftentimes enacted as a goal-directed behavior; whereas walking is oftentimes a means to achieving a goal other than physical activity (e.g., transportation). Design: The study was a one-week prospective study. Methods: Undergraduate students (N = 164) reported intentions for walking, moderate physical activity, and vigorous physical activity and self-reported these behaviors one week later. Results: Hierarchical linear modeling revealed that intentions were more strongly related to vigorous physical activity than to moderate physical activity or walking. Conclusions: Intention-enhancing interventions may effectively promote vigorous physical activity, but other motivational processes may be more appropriate to target in interventions of walking and moderate physical activity

Funding

Category 4 - CRC Research Income

History

Issue

2014

Start Page

1

End Page

5

Number of Pages

5

eISSN

1878-1861

ISSN

1440-2440

Location

Australia

Publisher

Elsevier

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Northwestern University (Evanston, Ill.); Pennsylvania State University; School of Human, Health and Social Sciences (2013- ); TBA Research Institute;

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Journal of science and medicine in sport.