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Infrared spectroscopy as a rapid tool to detect methylglyoxal and antibacterial activity in Australian honeys
journal contributionposted on 03.07.2018, 00:00 by Y Sultanbawa, Daniel CozzolinoDaniel Cozzolino, S Fuller, A Cusack, M Currie, H Smyth
© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Methylglyoxal (2-oxopropanal) is a compound known to contribute to the non-peroxide antimicrobial activity of honeys. The feasibility of using infrared spectroscopy as a predictive tool for honey antibacterial activity and methylglyoxal content was assessed. A linear relationship was found between methylglyoxal content (279-1755 mg/kg) in Leptospermum polygalifolium honeys and bacterial inhibition for Escherichia coli (R2 = 0.80) and Staphylococcus aureus (R2 = 0.64). A good prediction of methylglyoxal (R2 0.75) content in honey was achieved using spectroscopic data from the mid infrared (MIR) range in combination with partial least squares regression. These results indicate that robust predictive equations could be developed using MIR for commercial application where the prediction of bacterial inhibition is needed to 'value' honeys with methylglyoxal contents in excess of 200 mg/kg.