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Influence of variable salinity and low light on copper accumulation in the potential seagrass bioindicator, Zostera muelleri

Utilising a potential coastal trace element bioindicator requires understanding its accumulation patterns under varying environmental scenarios. The present study aimed to understand, from two experiments, the influence and effect of low light (15.3 μmol photons m s ) and variable salinity (normal 36 and reduced 29) on Zostera muelleri accumulating variable Cu concentrations (control, low 5 μg L and high 50 μg L ) in order to determine its capability as a potential trace element bioindicator. Initial (24 h) leaf Cu concentration was in proportion to exposure Cu concentrations, irrespective of manipulated environmental conditions, suggesting passive accumulation. Final below-ground Cu concentrations, during the low light experiment, significantly increased over time, suggesting active Cu accumulation. Zostera muelleri leaves could act as a Cu bioindicator at times of reduced light and salinity while further interpretation is required of below-ground Cu concentrations. It is recommended that Z. muelleri could be utilised as a Cu bioindicator. −2 −1 −1 −1

Funding

Category 3 - Industry and Other Research Income

History

Volume

160

Start Page

1

End Page

8

Number of Pages

8

eISSN

1879-3363

ISSN

0025-326X

Location

England

Publisher

Elsevier

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

23/08/2020

External Author Affiliations

Gladstone Ports Corporation

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Marine Pollution Bulletin

Article Number

111602