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Influence of different methods to determine maximum heart rate on training load outcomes in basketball players

journal contribution
posted on 09.05.2018, 00:00 by DM Berkelmans, Vincent Dalbo, Jordan Fox, Robert Stanton, Crystal Kean, KE Giamarelos, M Teramoto, Aaron Scanlan
The summated-heart-rate-zones (SHRZ) approach uses heart rate (HR) responses relative to maximum HR (HRmax) to calculate the internal training load (TL). Age-predicted, test-derived, and session-based approaches have all been used to determine HRmax in team sports. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of using age-predicted, test-derived, and session-based HRmax responses on SHRZ TL in basketball players. Semiprofessional, male basketball players (N = 6) were analyzed during the preparatory training phase. Six age-based approaches were used to predict HRmax including Fox (220 − age); Hossack (206 − [0.567 × age]); Tanaka (208 − [0.7 × age]); Nikolaidis (223 − [1.44 × age]); Nes (211 − [0.64 × age]); and Faff (209.9 − [0.73 × age]). Test-derived HRmax was taken as the highest HR during the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test (Yo-Yo IRT), whereas session-based HRmax was taken as the higher HR seen during the Yo-Yo IRT or training sessions. Comparisons in SHRZ TL were made at group and individual levels. No significant group differences were evident between SHRZ approaches. Effect size analyses revealed moderate (d = 0.60–0.79) differences apparent between age-predicted, test-derived, and session-based methods across the group and individually in 2 players. The moderate differences between approaches suggest age-predicted, test-derived, and session-based methods to determine HRmax are not interchangeable when calculating SHRZ. Basketball practitioners are encouraged to use individualized HRmax directly measured during field-based tests supplemented with higher HR responses evident during training sessions and games when calculating the SHRZ TL to ensure greatest accuracy.

History

Volume

32

Issue

11

Start Page

3177

End Page

3185

Number of Pages

9

ISSN

1064-8011

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, USA

Language

en

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

Usage metrics

CQUniversity

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