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Independent self-construal, self-reflection, and self-rumination : a path model for predicting happiness

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by Irina Elliott, Suzanne Coker
A construal theory of happiness emphasises the mediating impact of cognitive and motivational processes on the individual’s perceptions of their happiness. This study investigated a path model with the two cognitive variables, self-reflection and self-ruminationas mediating factors between an independent self-construal and subjective happiness. One hundred and twenty three participants completed a questionnaire designed to measure subjective happiness, independent self-construal, self-reflection,and self-rumination. Individuals’ propensity to self-reflect and self-ruminate was not found to be affected by an independent self-construal. A higher independent self-construal was associated with greater happiness. The results also indicated that self-reflection has the potential to both increase and decrease (when mediated by self-rumination) subjective happiness. This study suggests that although meaningful self-reflection may be beneficial for individuals who do not enjoy high levels of happiness, the perils of self-reflection are that it may trigger self-rumination which has detrimental consequences for happiness.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

60

Issue

3

Start Page

127

End Page

134

Number of Pages

8

ISSN

0004-9530

Location

Parkville, Australia

Publisher

Taylor & Francis

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Faculty of Sciences, Engineering and Health; Not affiliated to a Research Institute; Queensland Police Service;

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Australian journal of psychology.

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