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How do rocker-soled shoes influence the knee adduction moment in people with knee osteoarthritis? An analysis of biomechanical mechanisms

journal contribution
posted on 2018-05-16, 00:00 authored by EG Madden, Crystal KeanCrystal Kean, TV Wrigley, KL Bennell, RS Hinman
The primary objective was to examine mechanisms behind previously observed changes in the knee adduction moment (KAM) with rocker-soled shoes, in participants sub-grouped according to whether they experienced an immediate decrease, or increase, in peak KAM. In subgroups where frontal plane knee ground reaction force (GRF) lever-arm emerged as a significant predictor, a secondary aim was to examine biomechanical factors that contributed to change in this parameter. Thirty individuals with symptomatic, radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA) underwent 3D gait analysis in unstable rocker-soled shoes and non-rocker-soled shoes. Multiple regression analyses, within each subgroup, examined relationships between changes in frontal plane knee-GRF lever arm and frontal plane resultant GRF magnitude and changes in peak KAM and KAM impulse between shoe conditions. In the subgroup that decreased peak KAM with rocker-soled shoes (n = 23), change in knee-GRF lever arm and frontal plane GRF magnitude at peak KAM together were significant predictors of change in peak KAM; however, only change in mean knee-GRF lever arm significantly predicted change in KAM impulse. Decreased medial GRF magnitude, increased lateral trunk lean towards the stance limb and reduced varus/increased valgus hip-knee-ankle angle were associated with a lower knee-GRF lever arm in this group, with rocker-soled shoes. In contrast, none of the independent variables predicted changes in KAM in the subgroup who increased peak KAM with rocker-soled shoes (n = 7). © 2017 Elsevier Ltd


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The University of Melbourne

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Journal of Biomechanics