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Guiding principles for determining work shift duration and addressing the effects of work shift duration on performance, safety, and health: Guidance from the American Academy of sleep medicine and the Sleep Research Society

journal contribution
posted on 17.12.2021, 01:14 by Indira Gurubhagavatula, Laura K Barger, Christopher M Barnes, Mathias Basner, Diane B Boivin, Drew DawsonDrew Dawson, Christopher L Drake, Erin E Flynn-Evans, Vincent Mysliwiec, P Daniel Patterson, Kathryn J Reid, Charles Samuels, Nita Lewis Shattuck, Uzma Kazmi, Gerard Carandang, Jonathan L Heald, Hans PA Van Dongen
Risks associated with fatigue that accumulates during work shifts have historically been managed through working time arrangements that specify fixed maximum durations of work shifts and minimum durations of time off. By themselves, such arrangements are not sufficient to curb risks to performance, safety, and health caused by misalignment between work schedules and the biological regulation of waking alertness and sleep. Science-based approaches for determining shift duration and mitigating associated risks, while addressing operational needs, require: 1) a recognition of the factors contributing to fatigue and fatigue-related risks; 2) an understanding of evidence-based countermeasures that may reduce fatigue and/or fatigue-related risks; and 3) an informed approach to selecting workplace-specific strategies for managing work hours. We propose a series of guiding principles to assist stakeholders with designing a shift duration decision-making process that effectively balances the need to meet operational demands with the need to manage fatigue-related risks.

History

Volume

44

Issue

11

Start Page

1

End Page

24

Number of Pages

24

eISSN

1550-9109

ISSN

0161-8105

Location

United States

Publisher

Oxford University Press (OUP)

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Author Research Institute

Appleton Institute

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Sleep

Article Number

zsab161