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Greater effect of East versus West travel on jet lag, sleep, and team sport performance

journal contribution
posted on 22.05.2018, 00:00 by PM Fowler, W Knez, S Crowcroft, AE Mendham, J Miller, Charli Sargent, S Halson, R Duffield
Purpose This study aimed to determine the recovery timeline of sleep, subjective jet lag and fatigue, and team sport physical performance after east and west long-haul travel. Methods Ten physically trained men underwent testing at 0900 h and 1700 h local time on four consecutive days 2 wk before outbound travel (BASE), and the first 4 d after 21 h of outbound (WEST) and return (EAST) air travel across eight time zones between Australia and Qatar. Data collection included performance (countermovement jump, 20-m sprint, and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 1 [YYIR1] test) and perceptual (jet lag, motivation, perceived exertion, and physical feeling) measures. In addition, sleep was measured via wrist activity monitors and self-report diaries throughout the aforementioned data collection periods. Results Compared with the corresponding day at BASE, the reduction in YYIR1 distance after EAST was significantly different from the increase in WEST on day 1 after travel (P < 0.001). On day 2, significantly slower 20-m sprint times were detected in EAST compared with WEST (P = 0.03), with large effect sizes (ES) also indicating a greater reduction in YYIR1 distance in EAST compared with WEST (d = 1.06). Mean sleep onset and offset were significantly later and mean time in bed and sleep duration were significantly reduced across the 4 d in EAST compared with BASE and WEST (P < 0.05). Lastly, mean jet lag, fatigue, and motivation ratings across the 4 d were significantly worse in EAST compared with BASE and WEST (P < 0.05) and WEST compared with BASE (P < 0.05). Conclusions Long-haul transmeridian travel can impede team sport physical performance. Specifically, east travel has a greater detrimental effect on sleep, subjective jet lag, fatigue, and motivation. Consequently, maximal and intermittent sprint performance is also reduced after east travel, particularly within 72 h after arrival.

History

Volume

49

Issue

12

Start Page

2548

End Page

2561

Number of Pages

14

eISSN

1530-0315

ISSN

0195-9131

Publisher

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, US

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Australian Institute of Sport; South African Medical Research Council Tygerberg, Cape Town, SOUTH AFRICA; University of Cape Town, Cape Town, SOUTH AFRICA; University of Technology Sydney; The University of Queensland; Aspetar Orthopaedic and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, QATAR;

Author Research Institute

Appleton Institute

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

Exports

CQUniversity

Exports