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Factors that lead to successful community integration following severe traumatic brain injury
journal contributionposted on 2019-05-27, 00:00 authored by D Winkler, Carolyn UnsworthCarolyn Unsworth, S Sloan
Objective: To assess and identify predictive factors of community integration of people 3 to 15 years after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Participants: Forty participants with severe TBI (an average of 8.8 years postinjury). Main Outcome Measures: The Community Integration Questionnaire, the Community Integration Measure, and the Sydney Psychosocial Reintegration Scale. Data related to factors that may predict community integration were also collected. Results: There was considerable variation in the level of community integration. Discriminant function analyses identified the following factors as predictive of the level of community integration: severity of injury, age at the time of injury, level of disability, and challenging behavior. Conclusion: Interventions that minimize challenging behavior and disability may make a significant difference to the level of community integration experienced by people with severe TBI.