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Exploring the broader health and well-being outcomes of mining communities in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

journal contribution
posted on 13.04.2021, 03:17 by Fiona Mactaggart, Liane McDermott, Anna Tynan, Maxine Whittaker
Health and well-being outcomes in communities living in proximity to mining activity may be influenced by a broad spectrum of factors including population growth, economic instability or land degradation. This review aims to synthesise broader outcomes associated with mining activity and in doing so, further explore possible determinants in communities of low- and middle-income countries. Four databases were systematically searched and articles were included if the study targeted adults residing in proximity to mining activity, and measured individual or community-level health or well-being outcomes. Narrative synthesis was conducted. Twelve articles were included. Mining was perceived to influence health behaviours, employment conditions, livelihoods and socio-political factors, which were linked to poorer health outcomes. Family relationships, mental health and community cohesion were negatively associated with mining activity. High-risk health behaviours, population growth and changes in vector ecology from environmental modification were associated with increased infectious disease prevalence. This review presents the broader health and well-being outcomes and their determinants, and strengthens the evidence to improve measurement and management of the public health implications of mining. This will support the mining sector to make sustainable investments, and support governments to maximise community development and minimise negative impacts. © 2016 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Funding

Category 3 - Industry and Other Research Income

History

Volume

13

Issue

7

Start Page

899

End Page

913

Number of Pages

15

eISSN

1744-1706

ISSN

1744-1692

Location

England

Publisher

Routledge

Language

eng

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Acceptance Date

19/09/2016

External Author Affiliations

Wesley Medical Research; University of Queensland

Era Eligible

Yes

Medium

Print-Electronic

Journal

Global Public Health