File(s) not publicly available

Exploration of a new tool for assessing emotional inferencing after traumatic brain injury

journal contribution
posted on 29.01.2019, 00:00 by Barbra ZupanBarbra Zupan, D Neumann, DR Babbage, B Willer
Objective: To explore validity of an assessment tool under development-the Emotional Inferencing from Stories Test (EIST). This measure is being designed to assess the ability of people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) to make inferences about the emotional state of others solely from contextual cues. Methods and procedures: Study 1: 25 stories were presented to 40 healthy young adults. From this data, two versions of the EIST (EIST-1; EIST-2) were created. Study 2: Each version was administered to a group of participants with moderate-to-severe TBI-EIST 1 group: 77 participants; EIST-2 group: 126 participants. Participants also completed a facial affect recognition (DANVA2-AF) test. Participants with facial affect recognition impairment returned 2 weeks later and were re-administered both tests. Main outcomes: Participants with TBI scored significantly lower than the healthy group mean for EIST-1, F(1,114) = 68.49, p < 0.001, and EIST-2, F(1,163) = 177.39, p < 0.001. EIST scores in the EIST-2 group were significantly lower than the EIST-1 group, t = 4.47, p < 0.001. DANVA2-AF scores significantly correlated with EIST scores, EIST-1: r = 0.50, p < 0.001; EIST-2: r = 0.31, p < 0.001. Test-re-test reliability scores for the EIST were adequate. Conclusions: Both versions of the EIST were found to be sensitive to deficits in emotional inferencing. After further development, the EIST may provide clinicians valuable information for intervention planning. © 2015 Informa UK Ltd. All rights reserved.

Funding

Other

History

Volume

29

Issue

7-8

Start Page

877

End Page

887

Number of Pages

11

eISSN

1362-301X

ISSN

0269-9052

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana; State University of New York at Buffalo; Auckland University of Technology

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Brain Injury