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Explaining away the negative effects of evaluation on analogical transfer : the perils of premature evaluation

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 authored by Christopher BearmanChristopher Bearman, T Ormerod, L Ball, D Deptula
Four experiments explored effects on analogical transfer of evaluating solutions to base problems. In contrast to reports of positive effects of explanation, evaluation consistently reduced transfer rates and impaired mental representations of base material. This effect was not ameliorated by encoding for a later memory test, summarizing, or engaging in similar processes at encoding and recall. However, providing a prior explanation task removed the inhibitory effect of evaluation. It appears that evaluation leads to encoding of extraneous material that interferes with access to solution-critical analogous information. Prior explanation inoculates against negative effects on transfer by ensuring that new information introduced via evaluation is organized around existing representations of relevant information of the base problem. The results suggest that the source of difficulty in analogical transfer may reside not only in retrieval and mapping but also in the initial encoding of problems.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

64

Issue

5

Start Page

942

End Page

959

Number of Pages

18

eISSN

1747-0226

ISSN

1747-0218

Location

United Kingdom

Publisher

Psychology Press

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

TBA Research Institute; University of Lancaster; University of South Australia;

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Quarterly journal of experimental psychology.