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Evaluating the immediate effect of forearm and wrist orthoses on pain and function in individuals with lateral elbow tendinopathy: A systematic review

journal contribution
posted on 2020-07-13, 00:00 authored by Luke HealesLuke Heales, SR McClintock, S Maynard, CJ Lems, JA Rose, Caitlin HillCaitlin Hill, Crystal Kean, Steven ObstSteven Obst
Background: Lateral elbow tendinopathy is associated with pain during gripping, with forearm/wrist orthoses prescribed for treatment. Objectives: To investigate the immediate effects of forearm and/or wrist orthoses on outcome measures of pain and function in individuals with lateral elbow tendinopathy. Design: Systematic review Methods: Four electronic databases were searched to identify randomised controlled trials reporting the immediate effects of forearm and/or wrist orthoses on pain and function in individuals with lateral elbow tendinopathy. The quality of evidence was rated from high to very low, using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) for the primary outcomes. Where possible, standardised mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated to compare post measures between forearm and/or wrist orthoses and control/placebo conditions. Results: The search revealed 1965 studies, of which, seven randomised crossover trials were included. Using the GRADE approach there was low quality evidence revealing a significant decrease in pain during contraction (SMD range −0.65 to −0.83) with forearm orthoses compared to a control/placebo condition. Low quality evidence revealed improvements in pain-free grip strength with the use of a forearm orthosis (SMD range 0.24–0.38), but not maximal grip strength (SMD range 0.14–0.15). Low quality evidence revealed a static wrist orthosis did not improve pain-free grip strength (SMD -0.08) or maximal grip strength (SMD -0.22). Conclusion: There is low quality evidence that forearm orthoses can immediately reduce pain during contraction and improve pain-free grip strength but not maximal grip strength in individuals with lateral elbow tendinopathy. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

History

Volume

47

Start Page

1

End Page

11

Number of Pages

11

eISSN

2468-7812

ISSN

2468-8630

Publisher

Elsevier

Peer Reviewed

  • Yes

Open Access

  • No

Acceptance Date

2020-03-02

Era Eligible

  • Yes

Journal

Musculoskeletal Science and Practice

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