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E-&mHealth interventions targeting nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and/or obesity among children: A scoping review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses
journal contributionposted on 2021-11-10, 00:47 authored by Chelsea L Kracht, Melinda Hutchesson, Mavra Ahmed, Andre M Müller, Lee M Ashton, Hannah M Brown, Ann DeSmet, Carol A Maher, Chelsea E Mauch, Corneel VandelanotteCorneel Vandelanotte, Zenong Yin, Megan Whatnall, Camille E Short, Amanda E Staiano
Childhood obesity is a public health concern. Electronic and mobile health (e-&mHealth) approaches can facilitate the delivery of interventions for obesity prevention and treatment. Synthesizing reviews of e-&mHealth interventions to improve weight and weight-related behaviors (physical activity, sedentary behavior, and diet) is useful to characterize the current scope of the literature and identify opportunities for future reviews and studies. Using a scoping review methodology, we aimed to evaluate the breadth and methodological quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of e-&mHealth interventions targeting weight and weight-related behaviors in children and adolescents aged <19 years. A systematic search of seven databases was conducted, including reviews published between 2000 and 2019. Review characteristics were extracted, and methodological quality was assessed using the AMSTAR 2 tool. Forty-five systematic reviews and meta-analyses were included. All reviews evaluated intervention efficacy (100%), but few assessed other aspects (20% in total) such as cost-effectiveness. Smartphone applications (47%), text messages (44%), and websites (35%) were the main modalities. Weight (60%), physical activity (51%), and diet (44%) were frequently assessed, unlike sedentary behavior (8%). Most reviews were rated as having critically low or low methodological quality (97%). Reviews that identify the effective active ingredients of interventions and explore metrics beyond efficacy are recommended.
Number of Pages26
External Author AffiliationsUniversity of Melbourne; Flinders University; Hunter New England Population Health NSW; National University of Singapore and National University Health System, Singapore; University of Texas at San Antonio, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, USA; University of Toronto, Canada
Author Research Institute
- Appleton Institute