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Does a freely tillering wheat cultivar benefit more from elevated CO2 than a restricted tillering cultivar in a water-limited environment?
journal contributionposted on 2019-07-17, 00:00 authored by Sabine Tausz-Posch, RW Dempsey, S Seneweera, RM Norton, GJ Fitzgerald, Michael Tausz
This study addresses whether a freely tillering wheat cultivar with greater vegetative sink strength (cv. "Silverstar") can benefit more from increasing atmospheric CO2 concentration [CO2] than a restricted tillering cultivar with greater reproductive sink strength (cv. H45) in a water-limited cropping system. Growth, yield, yield components and nitrogen at three developmental stages (stem elongation, anthesis, maturity) and water soluble carbohydrates (WSC, anthesis) were evaluated at two CO2 concentrations (ambient [CO2], ~395ppm, elevated e[CO2], ~550ppm) across six environments using the Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE) facility. Cv. "Silverstar" had more tillers than cv. "H45" throughout development; whereas, cv. "H45" had greater WSC storage and more and heavier kernels per spike. CO2 enrichment stimulated grain yield in both cultivars similarly, but this stimulation was caused differently: For cv. "Silverstar", grain yield increase was exclusively linked to an increased number of fertile tillers; whereas, in cv. "H45", yield stimulation was additionally associated with increased kernel weight and kernel numbers per spike. We conclude that in a Mediterranean-type, water-limited environment high tillering capacity alone does not ensure greater benefits from CO2 fertilization but that both pre and post-anthesis source-sink relationships play a significant role in this environment as well. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.
Category 3 - Industry and Other Research Income
Number of Pages8
External Author AffiliationsUniversity of Melbourne; International Plant Nutrition Institute, Victorian State Department of Environment and Primary Industries, Victoria