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Critical review of the IMO international convention on the management of ships' ballast water and sediments

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 by S Gollasch, M David, M Voight, E Dragsund, Chad Hewitt, Y Fukuyo
The International Maritime Organization (IMO), the United Nations body which administers the international regulatory regime for shipping, noted the negative impact of non-indigenous organisms transported in the ballast water of ships already in the early 1970s. Consequently, measures were taken with the aim to minimize ballast water mediated species invasions through IMO Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC) Resolutions. As a result of long-term IMO efforts, it was determined that an international convention would best meet the needs of the global community, hence the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments was adopted in a Diplomatic Conference in 2004 and is now open for signature by IMO Member States. This very complex (and by no means ‘‘simple’’) Convention aims to reduce the transfer and subsequent impact of aquatic organisms in the ballast water and sediment of ships by acting to reduce the load of these organisms in discharged ballast water. A set of 15 guidelines provides technical guidance for the implementation of the Convention principles. This review considers critical aspects of this Convention and selected guidelines seen from perspectives of biological, shipping and regulatory concerns.

Funding

Category 1 - Australian Competitive Grants (this includes ARC, NHMRC)

History

Volume

6

Start Page

585

End Page

600

Number of Pages

16

eISSN

1878-1470

ISSN

1568-9883

Location

Netherlands

Publisher

Elsevier BV

Language

en-aus

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Harmful algae.

Exports

CQUniversity

Exports