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Conservation focus on Europe : major conservation policy issues that need to be informed by conservation science

journal contribution
posted on 06.12.2017, 00:00 authored by A Pullin, A Baldi, M Dieterich, V Kati, B Livoreil, G Lovei, B Mihok, Owen NevinOwen Nevin, N Selva, O Can
Europe is one of the world’s most densely populated continents and has a long history of human dominated land- and seascapes. Europe is also at the forefront of developing and implementing multinational conservation efforts. In this contribution, we describe some top policy issues in Europe that need to be informed by high-quality conservation science. These include evaluation of the effectiveness of the Natura 2000 network of protected sites, implications of rapid economic and subsequent land-use change in Central and Eastern Europe, conservation of marine biodiversity and sustainability of fisheries, the effect of climate change on movement of species in highly fragmented landscapes, and attempts to assess the economic value of ecosystem services and biodiversity. Broad policy issues such as those identified are not easily amenable to scientific experiment. A key challenge at the science–policy interface is to identify the research questions underlying these problem areas so that conservation science can provide evidence to underpin future policy development.. Resumen: Europa en uno de los continentes m´as densamente poblados y tiene una larga historia de paisajes terrestres y marinos dominados por humanos. Europa tambi´en est´a a la vanguardia en el desarrollo e implementaci´on de esfuerzos de conservaci´on multinacionales. En esta contribuci´on, describimos algunos temas pol´ıticos relevantes que requieren informaci´on basada en ciencia de la conservaci´on de alta calidad. Estos incluyen la evaluaci´on de la efectividad de la red Natura 2000 de sitios protegidos, implicaciones del acelerado cambio econ´omico y el subsecuente cambio de uso de suelo en Europa Central y Oriental, conservaci´on de la biodiversidad marina y la sustentabilidad de las pesquer´ıas, el efecto del cambio clim´atico sobre el movimiento de especies en paisajes muy fragmentados e intentos para estimar el valor econ´omico de los servicios del ecosistema y de la biodiversidad. Temas pol´ıticos como los identificados no son f´acilmente abordados por experimentos cient´ıficos. Un reto clave en la interfaz ciencia-pol´ıtica es la identificaci´on de las preguntas de investigaci´on que subyacen en estas ´areas para que la ciencia de la conservaci´on pueda proporcionar evidencia para sustentar el futuro desarrollo de pol´ıticas.

History

Volume

23

Issue

4

Start Page

818

End Page

824

Number of Pages

7

eISSN

1523-1739

ISSN

0888-8892

Location

United States

Publisher

Wiley-Blackwell

Language

en-aus;Spanish

Peer Reviewed

Yes

Open Access

No

External Author Affiliations

Aarhus universitet; Bangor University; Centre for Research and Conservation of Chelonians; Hungarian Academy of Sciences; Magyar Természettudományi Múzeum; Not affiliated to a Research Institute; Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi (Ankara, Turkey); Panepistēmio Iōanninōn; Polska Akademia Nauk; Universidade do Porto; Universität Hohenheim; University of Cumbria;

Era Eligible

Yes

Journal

Conservation biology.